Misconceptions of statistics and data analysis in the research of e-learning and educational technology: Experiences from researcher
Prof. Chi-Cheng Chang (張基成教授)
Department of Technology Application and Human Resource Development
National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan
Appropriate application in statistical method and data analysis is a critical issue in the quantitative researches of e-learning and educational technology fields. Researchers frequently encounter numberous misunderstanding concepts and utilizations in statistical method and data analysis. Common misconceptions from the presenter’s experiences will be presented and discussed in the keynote speech. These issues include sample size, reliability, factor analysis, item analysis, ANCOVA, and Step Regression etc.
Prof. Chi-Cheng Chang is currently a Chair Professor in the Department of Technology Application and Human Resource Development at National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan. Prof. Chang received his MS in Computer Science from the University of Texas, and the other MS in Instructional System and PhD in Workforce Education and Development from the Pennsylvania State University, USA. Prof. Chang gained the National Outstanding Research Award from Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) in 2014; and the Outstanding Contribution Award from Global Chinese Society of Computers in Education (GCSCE) in 2007. Prof. Chang hosted the Global Chinese Conference of Computers in Education (GCCCE) 2008 in Taipei, Taiwan; and served as the General Chair of Asia-Pacific Conference of Engineering and Technology Education (APCETE) 2014 in New Zealand.
Prof. Chang’s current research interests focus on e-learning, e-assessment, learning technology, and STEM education. Prof. Chang is now conducting the researches of game-based learning with positive emotion as well as Robotics and 3D-Printing in STEM education supported by the MOST. He is the author of over 200 referred journal papers, book chapters, and articles in conference proceedings. His research has been published in numerous SSCI/SCI-indexed journals such as Computers & Education, British Journal of Educational Technology, Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, Technology, Interactive Learning Environments, Educational Technology and Society, Pedagogy and Education, International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, Computer Assisted Language Learning, Innovations in Education and Teaching International, Educational Computing Research, Thinking Skills and Creativity, Journal of Creative Behavior, Creativity Research Journal, Learning and Individual Differences, The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, International Journal of Higher Education Research, Journal of Organizational and End User Computing, Journal of Technology and Design Education, Computer Applications in Engineering Education, etc.
Prof. Chang ever served as the chairman of the Department of Technology Application and Human Resource Development at the National Taiwan Normal University; the chair of Discipline of Applied Science Education of MOST; and the secretary general of Taiwan Association of Industrial Technology Education. He also ever served as the editor of Taiwan Journal of Technology and Engineering Education and the associate editor of Taiwan Journal of Educational Communication and Technology Research. Prof. Chang is now the president of Association of Taiwan Engineering Education and Management (ATEEM), the national/area representative in International Federal of Engineering Education Societies (IFEES), and the co-editor of International Journal of Technology and Engineering Education. He is also the member of the International Academic Advisory Committee (IAAC) of World Institute for Engineering and Technology Education (WIETE), and the editorial board member and reviewer for many international journals.
Prof. Chang can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org,
Department of Technology Application and Human Resource Development,
National Taiwan Normal University,
No. 162, Section 1, He-Ping E. Road, Taipei, Taiwan.
Research, practice and reflection on the data-driven assessment of ICT in education
Prof. Wu Di (吴砥教授)
China’s National Engineering Research Center for E-leaning;
Educational Information Strategy Research Base of Ministry of Education
In the past ten years, the application of ICT in education having developed with an unprecedented rate. And the ICT’s revolutionary impact on education has been recognized by the government. Evaluating the development level of ICT in education is an important way to improve its development, it provides the key basis for policy making and strategy research. The establishment of a novel and rational index system has great significance for assessing the level of ICT in education and providing guidance for the future development direction.
This report mainly introduces the research team’s achievements about ICT development index in education, and tends to share the practical experience during the assessment of ICT in education and reflects the challenges and opportunities effected by the area of big data on the development and evaluation of ICT in education.
Dr. Wu Di is a professor of Central China Normal University; the vice director of China’s National Engineering Research Center for E-leaning; the vice director of Educational Information Strategy Research Base of Ministry of Education. He is also a Committee Member of China E-Learning Technology Standardization Committee. He attended drafting the National Development Plan for ICT in Education (2011-2020).
His research interests include the development strategy and policy design for ICT in Education; the key indicators and assessment of ICT in Education; ICT leadership development and evaluation; standards of ICT in education.
Dr. Kam-cheong LI (李錦昌 博士)
University Research Centre, Open University of Hong Kong
Asian Association of Open Universities
In both academia and industry, e-Learning has been widely employed and become increasingly diverse in terms of learning tools, activities and modes. Through many decades of development, open learning has been embracing and adapting to new technology. Also, the principles and methods adopted in open learning course presentations and the pedagogical practices have often been adopted by conventional institutions. e-Learning and open learning have had a very positive impact on learner engagement and achievement; and they have been considered promising ways for achieving general educational goals, such as making learning engaging and ubiquitous. Some technologies bring immense benefits, while others can be disruptive. This speech reviews the transformation of technology-mediated education and the current trends as we move from simple to cutting-edge technologies; single to multi-level/dimensional integrated programmes; and individual to organizational or cultural adoption. By summarizing the development patterns, this talk discusses the extent to which technologies have been beneficial and/or disruptive to e-Learning and open learning.
Dr. Kam-cheong LI is the Director of the University Research Centre, the Open University of Hong Kong (OUHK). He oversees research of the University and has been actively involved in flexible and innovative modes of education for more than 20 years. At OUHK, he has served a wide variety of roles (e.g. course developer and course development team coordinator, course coordinator, instructor and tutor) in a broad range of learning programmes (including distance learning, e-Learning, and blended learning). He has been in charge of degree programmes at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels in areas of business, education and language studies. Currently, he also serves as the Secretary-General of the Asian Association of Open Universities.
Dr. Li has obtained three bachelor’s degrees, four master’s degrees and a doctoral degree from renowned universities, including the University of Hong Kong, the University of London and Peking University. His current research interests lie in innovative pedagogy, open learning, mobile learning and modes of university education, with more than a hundred publications including journal articles, academic papers, monographs, and edited books. He has successfully obtained funding for a large number of research and development projects. For years, Dr. Li has organized many international conferences in areas relevant to technology in education as well as open and flexible education. He is a popular speaker in relevant conferences, seminars and professional development functions.
Dr. Li is Honorary Chair Professor and Visiting Professor of a number of tertiary institutions in the United Kingdom and China, and the President of Hong Kong Society of the Chartered Institute of Linguists. He has contributed as an advisor in a broad range of study and training programmes and as a key member in committees of various professional bodies, for example, Dr. Li was the founding Chairman of the Council of Hong Kong Professional Associations.
(E-Learning in School Education: Partnership of Community and Commercial Vendors)
Mr. Huang is a serial entrepreneur and a leader in social enterprise in the eLearning field. He has extensive experience running from startups to public companies, and social enterprise.
Mr. Huang is the Founding CEO for the WebOrganic (有機上網) , an over-$100-million government-funded social enterprise designed to bridge the digital gap in Hong Kong. Its mission is to deliver hope, through providing low cost PCs, networks and create a level playing field for to over 300,000 poor families, through a network of 500 schools and 14 regional centers, launched in September 2011.
Mr. Huang is part of a turnaround management team that delivered one of the major turnarounds in the Hong Kong stock exchange for TSL Jewelry 0417. As a CEO from 2008-2010, the company delivered impressive results, including the net profit growth of 60% during the year of the global economic crisis. The company had around 200 retail outlets, gross revenue over $2 billion, company valuation had grown more than 10 times in 12 months under his leadership. He retired from the CEO position in early 2010 to invest more time on social and educational works. Mr. Huang still serves on the board of the public company as Non-executive Director.
Mr. Huang helps the founding of the eLearning Consortium (eLC), a not-for-profit organization consisting of over 400 entities of large and small IT companies, education content publishers, PC and network vendors, network providers, educators and parents, which is one of the most active and representative eLearning associations in the Asia. The association has been working as a bridge for the Hong Kong government’s eLearning initiative between stakeholders.
Mr. Huang is also the President of Hong Kong Information Technology Federation (HKITF), a not-for-profit, non-political trade association for providing a forum in which the IT-related business in Hong Kong can work together for the benefit of the industry and to maintain a high level of business practice amongst the members.
Mr. Huang also sits in various government education advisory committees and as a steering committee member in a number of social innovation projects.
Mr. Huang helped found one of the most celebrated social enterprises in the world, SCHSA, over 15 years ago. The project has pioneered the use of technology for senior citizen safety. It is a sustainable business model being widely researched and celebrated in different parts of the world. The association has split even 3 years in operation. The SCHSA Mobilelink project just won the WITSA award, one of the world’s top ICT awards in Europe, May 2010.
Mr. Huang was graduated from Boston University. He also studied at Occidental College, MIT, Harvard Business School at USA and Tsinghua University at Beijing. He has taught at universities in Hong Kong at irregular intervals.